Infants’ formulas have a higher concentration of nutrients and vitamins than those in breastmilk. This is in compensation for their reduced bioavailability to offset their reduced absorption and to ensure their presence throughout the entire shelf life of the product. Commercial artificial baby milks have many similarities to each other, but can differ significantly from each other in the quality and quantity of nutrients and in other additives, even among those from the same manufacturer. They also have an expiration date, after which the product should be discarded.
Formula fed infants and children have increased risks and rates of:
- Allergic disease
- Crohn’s disease
- Ulcerative colitis
- Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloblastic leukemia lymphomas
- Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)
- Diarrheal disease
- Otitis media
- Lower respiratory tract illness (bronchiolitis, croup, bronchitis and pneumonia).
- Sudden infant death syndrome
- Urinary tract infections
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